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World malaria day

WORLD MALARIA DAY

World malaria day is an international observance commemorated every year on 25th april and recognizes global efforts to control malaria. In 2015 around 212 million cases of malaria  are reported and an estimated 430000 people died due to malaria.

World malaria day
world malaria day


Malaria is life threatening disease which is caused by mosquito bite of female anopheles mosquito. 
Mosquitoes are the carrier of plasmodium parasite when an infected mosquito bites a human, plasmodium enters in blood of human ,the parasite eneters the liver and starts multiplication. Plasmodium parasite infect and destroys the cells of RBC in the body.

Symptoms of malaria 

  1. High Fever and chill
  2. Deep breathing
  3. Headache
  4. Nausea
  5. Malaria can lead to jaundice because of large RBC destruction

Significance of malaria day 


This year WHO and it's partners planned to start a theme " READY TO BEAT  MALARIA
WHO planned to spread awareness about precautions can be taken to stop the spread of malaria .
Precaution includes stoping the spread of anopheles mosquito which grows in stagnant water.

The WHO in a report says that the current pace of malaria control is not sufficient as per it's target for 2020 under WHO global technical strategy for malaria 2016-2030 .The target calls for reductionism incidence of malaria cases and deaths rate by almost 40%.

The world malaria day is aimed at taking an immediate and urgent action in malaria control , because the major in gains in fight against malaria are under threat unless this is done.

KEY FACTS

  1. Malaria is life threatening disease 
  2. 2016, death caused by malaria were estimatedaround 4,45,000. In 2015 the number which is close to 2016
  3. It is the WHO African region disproportionately high share of malaria burden globally . 90% of malaria cases were reported from WHO African region in 2016
  4. TO Protect these population there is a aimed for the national malaria control programme to take special measure.
  5. WHO planned to spread awareness about how to control growth of mosquitoes 

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